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28. Assessment of Hypertension and its Associated Factors among Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients at Mirpur AJK

Muhammad Shoaib1, Muhammad Kamran1, Sameer Hanif2 and Asnad3

ABSTRACT

Objective: The objective of this study assessment of hypertension and its Associated Factors among Type 2 DiabetesMellitus Patients at Mirpur AJK.

Study Design: Cross-sectional study

Place and Duration of Study: This study was conducted at the Department Physiology, Biochemistry and CommunityMedicine of Mohtarma Benazir Bhutto Shaheed Medical College Mirpur, AJK from April 2018 to August 2019.

Materials and Methods: In this study we included those patients who have diabetes mellitus and hypertension. It was cross section study, we selected 200 control normal subject free from hypertension and diabetes mellitus and 300 patients of diabetes mellitus with hypertension. We were taken the blood sample of patients and control. We centrifugethe sample and analyzed for fasting blood sugar and lipid profile (LDL, HDL, Cholesterol, TG). We also estimateurea, uric acid for both groups.

Results: The BMI of the patients was higher than 25 kg/m2 andabove (78.5%). and the mean systolic and diastolic bloodpressure of T2DM patients were 135.8 mmHg (SD ± 25.9) and 87.5 mmHg (SD± 13.8) respectively. The lipidr profile was higher in patients group as compare to control. Fasting glucose was higher in patients groups as compareto control. 78.5%) patients relied on oral hypoglycemic treatment in patients groups.

Conclusion: The occurrence of hypertension was high. Only 27.8% of previously diagnosed hypertensive patients were normotensive. Age, BMI, and high lipid profile, cigarette smoking, residence and duration of T2DM were significantlyassociated with hypertension.

Key Words: Hypertension, Diabetes mellitus, Risk factors

Citation of article: Muhammad Shoaib, Muhammad Kamran, Sameer Hanif and Asnad. Assessment of Hypertension and its Associated Factors among Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients at Mirpur AJK. Med Forum 2021;32(4):113-116.