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9. Evaluation of Fingertip Blood Glucose Level after Handling Sweet Items and Various Methods of Hand Cleaning at a Tertiary Care Hospital in Southern Sindh

Shamsuddin Solangi1, Prem Kumar Maheshwari1, Muhammad Adnan  Bawany1, Saima Siraj1, Shazia Kazi1 and Sajjad Kazi2

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the effect on fingertip blood glucose level after handling sweet items and after various methods of hand cleaning.

Study Design: Observational / cross-sectional study.

Place and Duration of Study: This study was conducted at the Isra University Hospital Hyderabad. from July 2017 to December 2017.

Materials and Methods: Sample size was 154 cases. Informed consent was obtained from all enrolled subjects. Proforma was designed and filled for each subject. Data was analyzed on SPSS version 22. T test was applied for statistical significance.

Results: Gender distribution of patients in the study population male were 106 (68.8%), female 48 (31.2%). Most common age group was 18 – 30 year (41.6%), rural 72 (46.8%), urban 82 (53.2%). In the enrolled cases non - diabetics 118 (76.6%), diabetics 36 (23.4%). Mean of blood glucose level of the test fingertips - right hand middle finger (RHMF) and right hand ring finger (RHRF) in non – diabetics after washing with water was 97.76+17.86 mg/dl, 96.50+18.12 mg/dl respectively. Which was compatible to control fingertip – left hand middle finger (LHMF).  Mean of blood glucose level of the test fingertips - RHMF and RHRF in diabetics after washing with water was 195.33+69.12 mg/dl, 194.72+69.56 mg/dl respectively which was comparable to control fingertip – left hand middle finger (LHMF).There is no significant difference between the mean of blood glucose of the test fingertips -, RHMF and RHRF after washing with water as compared to the control fingertip - LHMF. Our study shows that water is superior to alcohol swab in cleaning hands after handling sweet items before checking fingertip blood glucose levels.

Conclusion: There is a significant elevation in fingertip blood glucose level after application of sweet itemsand even after cleaning with alcohol swab. Water is superior to alcohol swab in cleaning hands after handling sweet items before taking fingertip blood glucose levels. Health care providers, pharmacists and other professionals should play their role to educate the people to create awareness.

Key Words: fingertip blood glucose, sweet items handling, methods of cleansing

Citation of articles: Solangi S, Maheshwari PM, Bawany MA, Siraj S, Kazi S, Kazi S. Evaluation of Fingertip Blood Glucose Level after Handling Sweet Items and Various Methods of Hand Cleaning at a Tertiary Care Hospital in Southern Sindh. Med Forum 2019;20(1):36-39.