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  3. 9. Effect of Female Education on Family Size, Contraceptive Awareness and its Practice
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9. Effect of Female Education on Family Size, Contraceptive Awareness and its Practice

1. Samina Irshad 2. Shahzadi Neelam 3. Shakira Asmat

1. Asstt. Prof. of Gyane and Obs, FUMC, Islamabad 2. Senior Registrar of Gynae and Obs, FUMC, Islamabad 

3. Medical officer of Gynae and Obs, FFH, Islamabad


Objectives:  To determine the  association  of female education with family size ,contraceptive methods awareness and its practice 

Study Design: Descriptive / Cross-sectional study.  

Place and Duration of Study: This study was carried out at Gyane and Obs Department, Fauji Foundation Hospital from 1st Oct, 2011 to 31 Oct, 2011.

Patients and Methods: One forty nine married females having children were included in the study. Subjects were patients from Out Patient Department Of Gynaecology and employees of Fauji Foundation Hospital. Data was collected through a questionnaire by convenience sampling.

Results: A total of 149 females were selected by convenience sampling. Thirty five (23%) females were uneducated and 114 (77%) were educated from 5th grade to FCPS .Average age at marriage was found to be 22 years. Most of females were house wives 80 (53%) while rest 69 (46%) were working ,cashing their capabilities in field of teaching, nursing, medicine and working as Aya. One hundred and two (89%)of educated females were having small families i.e 4 or less children while 11 of uneducated were small family size the difference is statistically significant (p value<.01).  

Ninety six (83%) educated females were aware of contraceptive methods as compared to 23 (65%) of uneducated females and the result was statistically significant (pvalue<.05).Regarding use of contraception no statistically significant difference was noted between two groups as 19 (54%) of uneducated were using contraceptive methods  compared to 75(65%) of educated females. Condoms were the most commonly used method 26 (17%),followed by IUCD 17 (11%) natural method (8%) and bilateral tubal ligation (8%) while rest of females were using combination of contraceptive methods

Conclusion: Education of females has association with family size and awareness of contraception while use of contraceptive methods has no association with education and some other motivational  factors play role in the  use of contraceptive methods.  

Key Words: Contraception, female education, fertility

Citation of article: Irshad S, Neelam S, Asmat S. Effect of Female Education on Family Size, Contraceptive Awareness and its Practice. Med Forum 2015;26(9):35-37.