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7. Prevalence/Trend of Bone Fractures in Road Traffic Accidents

Muhammad Asif Saeed1, Imran Idrees Butt2, Maqsood Ahmed Khan3, Kamran Hamid4, Salman Imran Butt4 and Muhammad Haris Muaaz4

 

ABSTRACT

 

Objective: To study Prevalence/Trend of bone fractures in road traffic accidents.

Study Design: Observational Study

 

Place and Duration of Study: This study was conducted at the Department of Surgery, Idris Teaching Hospital Sialkot Medical College Sialkot from Jan 2009 to Jan 2019.

 

Materials and Methods: This Study was conducted on 1366 victim of road traffic accidents. The age, gender and bone involved was noted down. The informed consent was taken from each patient of road traffic accident. The findings were noted on the design Performa. The permission of ethical committee was also considered before start of the study and publishing in research journal.

 

Results: At the age of 5-15,there were 198(14.5%) were male and 19 (1.4%) female patients were found in road traffic accident in which different bones were found fractured .At the age of 16-25 there were 391 (28.6%) male and 74(5.4%) were female. At the age of 26-35 there were 248 (18.1%) male and 59(4.3%) were female. At the age of 36-45 there were 217(15.9%) male and 47(3.44%) female. At the age of 46-55 there were 66 (4.83%) and 16(1.17%) were female. At the age of 56-65 there were 11(0.80%) male and 03(0.22%) female. At the age of 65-70 there were 08(0.58%) male and 02(0.14%) female. Above 70 there were 06(0.44%) male and 01(0.07%) female. There were total 1145(83.8%) male and 221(16.2%) female. There was femur fracture in male patients at proximal 81(4.73%), shaft of femur 267(15.61%) , distal part of femur 31(1.81%) and in female patients proximal part 06(0.35%), Shaft of femur 42(2.46%), at distal part of femur 03(0.18%). There was Tibia/fibula fracture in male at proximal part 85(4.97%), shaft part 301(17.60%), distal part 72 (4.21%) and in female patients proximal part 06(0.35%) ,shaft part 56(3.27%) , distal part 05 (0.29%). There was humerus fracture in male patients at proximal part 18(1.05%), shaft 107 (6.25%), distal part 14(0.82%). In female patients 04(0.23%) ,shaft part 21 (1.23%), distal part 03(0.17%).

 

There was fracture of radiusulna 246(14.38%) in male patients and 56(3.27%) in female patients. There was pelvis fracture 27(1.57%) in male patients and 12(0.70%) in female patients. There was clavicle fracture in 63(3.68%) male patients and 17(0.99%) female patients. Handfeet bone fracture 134(7.83%) in male, 33(1.92%) in female.

 

Conclusion: It was concluded from the study that there were multiple bony fracture take place during road traffic accidents.

 

Key Words: Prevalence/Trend, bone fractures, road traffic accidents

 

Citation of article: Saeed MA, Butt II, Khan MA, Hamid K, Butt SI, Muaaz MH. Prevalence/Trend of Bone Fractures in Road Traffic Accidents. Med Forum 2020;31(4):28-32.