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  3. 6. Risk Factors Associated with Gastro- Esophageal Gastro-Esophageal Reflux Disease
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6. Risk Factors Associated with Gastro- Esophageal Gastro-Esophageal Reflux Disease

Shahid Karim, Syeda Nosheen Zehra, Hamid Ali Kalwar, Afsheen Faryal and Muhammad

Tanweer Khalid




Objective: To study the risk factors associated with Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), in a tertiary care Hospital of Karachi.


Study Design: Prospective, cross sectional study


Place and Duration of Study: This study was conducted at the Department Internal Medicine and Gastroenterology, Liaquat National Hospital, Karachi from February 2009 to March 2010.


Materials and Methods: Attendants of patients sitting in the waiting area with no comorbid, and who were non-smoker and non-alcoholic were recruited after taking informed consent. Data was entered in given performa. Logistic regression was applied with 95% confidence interval.


Results: Total 2191 participants were included in our study. 1130 patients (51.6%) were males and 1061 (48.4%) were females, with mean age of 33.92+12.36 years. GERD symptoms were present in 760 patients (34.7%). GERD symptoms were common in patients taking spicy meals ( 37.2%) and in urdu speaking ethnic group (52.5%). In those who had a high waist hip ratio, 0.9 +-0.15 waist height ratio 0.52+-0.07 and waist circumference ratio 84.57+-10.92.


Conclusion: Gastroesophageal reflux disease is common in our population and there is significant inverse association of GERD with Waist hip ratio and waist height ratio. Key Words: Gastroesophageal reflux disease, body mass index


Citation of article: Karim S, Zehra SN, Kalwar HA, Faryal A, Khalid MT. Risk Factors Associated with Gastro-Esophageal Reflux Disease. Med Forum 2020;31(4):23-27.