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6. Causes of Acute Renal Failure: An Etiological Perspective Study

1.   Nazir Ahmad 2. Jawed Akhtar Samo 3. Hammad-ur-Rehman Bhatti


1.  Asstt. Prof. of Medicine, District Teaching Hospital, GKMC, DG Khan 2. Asstt. Prof. of Medicine, Khairpur Medical College, Khairpur Mirs 3. Asstt. Prof. of Medicine, IMC, Sialkot




Objective: To look into the causes of acute renal failure in this area so that preventive strategy can be designed.

Study Design: Observational study.


Place and Duration of Study: This study was carried out in Medical Outdoors, District Teaching Hospitals, Ghazi Khan Medical College, DG Khan and Khairpur Medical College, Khairpur Mir’s from June 2013 to May 2014. Materials and Methods: A total of 100 patients of acute renal failure were included in the study.


Results: There were 64 (64%) males and 36 (36%) females with ratio of 1.7:1. 60% patients in the younger age group and age range was 10-70 years. Nausea and vomiting were commonest symptoms in 92% of the patients while 88% patients were oliguric. All patients had tachycardia while 38% had volume over load. Blood urea was more than 100 mg/100 ml in 92% of patients. ARF because of pure medical reasons were seen in 48% of patients while surgical and pregnancy related problems were found in 26% each.


Conclusion: Early referral, identification and treatment of pre-renal factor, good erinatal care and cautious therapeutic decisions can substantially bring down the incidence of acute renal failure. Key words: Oliguric, Hypertension, Perinatal.


Citation of article: Ahmad N, Samo JA, Bhatti HR. Causes of Acute Renal Failure: An Etiological Perspective Study. Med Forum 2016;27(3):21-23.