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5. Intestinal Obstruction Caused by Postoperative Adhesions: 5 Years’ Experience at a Teaching Hospital

1.  Ansar Latif 2. Muhammad Qasim Butt 3. Kamran Hameed

 

1.  Assoc. Prof. / Head of Department of Surgery, Khawaja Muhammad Safdar MC, Sialkot 2. Senior Registrar, Surgical Unit I, AIMTH, Sialkot 3. Postgraduate Trainee, Surgical Unit I, AIMTH, Sialkot.

 

ABSTRACT

 

Objective: The objective of this study was to determine the common abdominal surgical procedure causing postoperative adhesive intestinal obstruction, and outcome of its surgical management. Study Design: Retrospective as well as prospective analysis.

 

Place and Duration of Study: This study was conducted in the Department of Surgery, Khawaja Muhammad Safdar Medical College, Sialkot from June 2010 to November 2015.

 

Materials and Methods: Patients operated on for intestinal obstruction with at least one abdominal surgical scar were included in the study. A total of 152 patients were eligible, all ages were eligible irrespective of gender. A minimum of 6 months follow up was set for inclusion in the study. Patients with intestinal obstruction presenting with surgical scars for renal, ureteric and urinary bladder surgery were not included as these surgeries did not involve opening of peritoneum. Patients with Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis, known malignancies, a past history of abdominopelvic irradiation were excluded. Patients with less than 6 m nths follow up were excluded from the study.

 

Results: Out of 152 patients, 74 (48.68%) surgeries for appendicular path l gies, 18 (11.84%)lower segment caesarean section and 9 (5.92%) total abdominal hysterectomy were the main pathologies causing obstruction; while patients had recurrence in 11(7.23%) and 8(5.26%) mortality.

 

Conclusion: Operated adhesive postoperative intestinal obstru t on proves to be a clinical entity with high incidence and specific risk factors of recurrence: age <40 years, presen e of adhesion or matted adhesion, and postoperative surgical complications. Infected cases of appe dicit s, e ter perforations, lower segment caesarean section and total abdominal hysterectomy are the main causes a d the treatment may lead to stoma formation, recurrence and mortality.

 

Key Words: Small Bowel, Obstruction, Adhesi  n, Water-Soluble Contrast Agent, Recurrence

 

Citation of article: Latif A, Butt MQ, Hameed K. Intestinal Obstruction Caused by Postoperative Adhesions:

5 Years’ Experience at a Teaching Hospi al. Med Forum 2016;27(1):17-20.