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4. TB Entropy among Urban Inhabitants: A Study of Community Perceived Opinion about Tuberculosis

1. Aftab Ahmed 2. Abid Ghafoor Chaudhry 3. Haris Farooq

1. Anthropologist, Association for social Development Islamabad 2. Incharge Department of Sociology &

Anthropology, PMAS-Arid Agriculture University Rawalpindi 3. Student (M.Sc Anthropology), PMAS-Arid Agriculture University Rawalpindi

ABSTRACT

Objective: Specific objective of the study was to determine the level of information and awareness regarding TB among the urban dwellers of Malikwal. Study Design: Descriptive study

Place and Duration of Study: This study was conducted in UC-Tehsil Malikwal District Mandi Bahauddin. Duration of study lasts from Jan-2013 to March-2013. 

Materials and Methods: With the help of structured questionnaire the data of 70 respondents were collected. Quality of questionnaire was improved with the help of recommendations of pretesting activity. After taking verbal consent data was gathered by enumerators. Data was entered in EpiData software and analyzed in SPSS.   

Results: Data shows the 58.6% participation of age group 20-30 years, 70:30% ratio of male and female representation, 42.9% respondents passed their college level of education, among 70 participants 39 reported cough lasts longer than three weeks as sign & symptom of TB, 61 (n=70) were those who said that through polluted air TB virus effects general population, 59 (n=70) reported that through covering mouth and nose during cough and sneezing is necessary to prevent TB, 66 (n=70) respondents said that anybody will be infected by TB, 77.1% were of the view that by using specific medication TB can be cured by getting the services from government clinic as reported 91.4%, 80% of sample said that TB treatment and diagnosis is free of cost in Pakistan as spread information by TV as reported 64.3%.   

Conclusion: Government departments along with line departments and private stack holders are required to ensure wider level of implementation of projects about the social awareness on TB containing quality of information while using various means of IC&T tools including media to cover the masses. Key Words: TB, Urban inhabitants, diagnosis and treatment, awareness on TB