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  3. 4. Predisposing Factors Associated with Longer Hospital Stay in Children Less Than 5 Years of Age with Severe Lower Respiratory Tract Infection
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4. Predisposing Factors Associated with Longer Hospital Stay in Children Less Than 5 Years of Age with Severe Lower Respiratory Tract Infection

Rehmana Waris1, Yasir Bin Nisar3 and Nasera Bhatti2

 

ABSTRACT

 

Objective: To determine the predisposing risk factors associated with longer duration of hospitalisation of children aged 2-59 months with severe Lower respiratory tract infection (LRTI). Study Design: Observational / descriptive / cross sectional study

Place and Duration of Study: This study was carried out in the Children Hospital, Islamabad from October 2011 to March 2014.

Materials and Methods: We enrolled 606 children aged 2-59 months with severe LRTI and at enrolment, complete history of present illness, physical examination, and necessary laboratory investigations were done. Enrolled children were managed according to the hospital’s standard protocols. Multivariate logistic regression analyses was conducted to determine the independent factors associated with longer duration of hos italisation.

 

Results: The mean (sd) age of children was 7.45 (8.41) months and 63% were male. Of 606 children, 241 (40%) had longer hospital stay (>3 days).Children whose mothers used biomass energy as fuel for cooking at home (AOR 3.63, p<0.0001), children who had history of vomiting (AOR 1.74, =0.014), had duration of illness before presenting to hospital was >7 days (AOR 1.90, p=0.040), were unvaccinated (AOR 2.54, p=0.001), had lower mean serum calcium levels (AOR 0.08, p<0.0001), had positive RP (AOR 4.67, p<0.0001), were severely anaemic (AOR 6.28, p=0.017) or were underweight (AOR 1.64, p=0.013) had significantly longer hospitalisation compared to their counterparts.

 

Conclusion: The current study identified independent r sk fa tors which lead to longer hospitalisation in children aged 2-59 months with severe LRTI. Findings of the current study would help paediatricians for better management of severe LRTI in under 5 children.

Key Words: Lower respiratory tract infection, Hosp tal sat on, Predisposing factors, Child, Biomass energy

 

Citation of article: Waris R, Nisar YB, Bhatti N. Predisposing Factors Associated with Longer Hospital Stay in Children Less Than 5 Years of Age wi h Severe Lower Respiratory Tract Infection. Med Forum 2016; 27(9):14-19.