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33.Comparison of Depressive Disorders in Working and Non-Working Adolescent

Haresh Kumar1, Sarika Bai2, Om Parkash3, Pirbho Mal4, Rakesh Kumar5 and Anny Dhanwani6


Objective: To determine the prevalence of depressive disorders in working and non-working adolescent and their comparison among them.

Study Design: Cross-sectional descriptive study

Place and Duration of Study: This study was conducted at the Fellows Clinic Sukkur from January 2017 to
June 2017.

Materials and Methods: One hundred and sixty patients of both genders and age from 10 to 19 years were enrolled. Patient’s socio demographics such as age, sex, body mass index, education status, socio-economic status and locality were recorded after taking written consent. Patients were divided into two groups I and II, group I had 80 working adolescents and group II with 80 non-working adolescents.

Results: Mean age of the patients in group I was 15.5±2.1 years with mean BMI 22±4.3 kg/m2 and in group II mean age was 14.9±2.5 years with mean BMI 22.3±3.7 kg/m2. In group I 30 (37.5%) cases were literate, 28 (35%) were from high socio economic status and 45 (56.25%) were from urban area while in group II 28 (35%) were literate, 32 (40%) had high socio-economic status and 42 (52.5%) had urban residency. 30 (37.5%) patients had depression, 32 (40%) had anxiety and 35 (43.75%) cases had stress in group I as compared to this 23 (28.75%) patients had depression, anxiety found in 27 (33.75%) cases and stress found in 25 (31.25%) patients.

Conclusion: The frequency of depressive disorders among children workers was significantly higher than that of non-workers and there is need to diagnose this earlier to overcome and reduce its severity.

Key Words: Adolescent, Workers, Non-workers, Depression, Anxiety, Stress

Citation of article: Kumar H, Bai S, Parkash O, Mal P, Kumar R, Dhanwani A. Comparison of Depressive Disorders in Working and Non-Working Adolescent Med Forum 2021;32(7):142-145.