Search Submit Your Manuscript

Become A Member

  1. Home
  2. May 2023
  3. 31.Association of Maternal Serum Vitamin D Level with Preeclampsia
Article Image

31.Association of Maternal Serum Vitamin D Level with Preeclampsia

Ambreen Shahid, Afshan Shahid, Riffat Jaleel, Saima Aziz Siddiqui, Shamaila Shamaun and Mahrukh Aslam


Objective: To determine the relationship between pre-eclampsia and maternal serum vitamin D levels.

Study Design: Case control Study

Place and Duration of Study: This study was conducted at the department of Obstetrics and Gynae Unit- 2, DUHS, OJHA, Karachi from 10th December, 2021 to 10th May, 2022.

Materials and Methods: This study was conducted on 162 pregnant patients between the age 18 to 35 years having singleton pregnancy greater than 20 weeks. Patients were divided in two groups, group A comprised of cases i.e. women with preeclampsia and group B were controls i.e. normotensive pregnant women. The relationship of maternal serum vitamin D was determined among cases and control groups. Patients with multiple gestations, fetal anomaly, diabetic and already taking vitamin D were excluded.

Results: This study was conducted on 162 patients divided in two groups, cases and controls. The mean age in group A was 26.65±4.71 years 27.10±5.73 years in group B. In group A 68 (84%) patients had vitamin D deficiency and in group B 45 (55.6%) patients had vitamin D deficiency. The association was statistically significant.

Conclusion: Our study concludes that there is a relationship between Vitamin D levels and preeclampsia. Vitamin D deficiency was found in 84% patients in case group and 55.6% in control group. The difference was significant statistically (P = 0.0001)

Key Words: Preeclampsia, Vitamin D deficiency, Normotensive

Citation of article: Shahid A, Shahid A, Jaleel R, Siddiqui SA, Shamaun S,  Aslam M. Association of Maternal Serum Vitamin D Level with Preeclampsia. Med Forum 2023;34(5):129-134.