3. Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease in Type 2 Diabetes: Effect on Diabetic Control and Lipid Profile
1. Umar Farooq Dar 2. Tasneem Majeed 3. Naima Umar 4. Ujala Nayyar
1.Asstt. Prof. of Community Medicine, GMC, Gujranwala 2. Asstt. Prof. of Pathology, FJMC, Lahore, 3. Asstt.
Prof. of Physiology, GMC, Gujranwala 4.Provincial Surveillance Officer, Polio Eradication Initiative Punjab.
Objective: To determine the frequency of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease in patients with type 2 diabetes and to compare the diabetic control and dyslipidemia in diabetic patients with and without non-alcoholic fatty liver disease.
Study Design: Cross sectional study.
Place and Duration of Study: This study was conducted in Outpatient Department of Medicine, Jinnah Hospital, Lahore from 31st August 2013 to 28th February 2014.
Materials and Methods: Both male and female with age ranging from 30-60 years having t pe 2 diabetes for more than 5 years duration were included. Two hundred and sixty diagnosed diabetes patients presenting to outpatient department were enrolled. Screening was done for NAFLD on the basis of ultrasonography. Sampling for HbA1C and lipid profile was done. Data was analyzed using SPSS 17.
Results: Proportion of NAFLD was quite high i.e. 70%. Seventy five patients (28.8%) had abnormal triglyceride level and 72 patients (27.7%) had raised serum cholesterol. Low density lip pr tein was abnormally high in all individuals and high density lipoprotein was low in all individuals. One hundred and six (40.8%) diabetics patients had good control while rest has poor control and 135 patients (51.1%) were obese.
Conclusion: Proportion of NAFLD was quite high in diabetic patients. We should screen every patient for NAFLD as it may reduce the co morbidity.
Key Words: Type II diabetes, Nonalcoholic fatty l ver disease, Dyslipidemia, Obesity, Glycosylated Hemoglobin
Citation of article: Dar UF, Majeed T, Umar N, Nayyar U. Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease in Type 2
Diabetes: Effect on Diabetic Control and Lipid Pr file. Med Forum 2016;27(2):10-13.