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24. Effect of BMI on Semen Parameters in Male Infertility in Tertiary Care Hospital of Karachi

Fareena Khalil Ahmed1, Abdul Shakoor Memon1, Intesar Burney1, Khalida Bano3 and Afshan Mehboob Khan2

ABSTRACT

Objective: To study the effect of BMI on semen parameters in male infertile patients in tertiary care hospital of Karachi.

Study Design: Case control study

Place and Duration of Study: This study was conducted at the Department of Physiology, Basic Medical Sciences Institute (BMSI) in collaboration with Reproductive Health Sciences, (Male Infertility Clinic) at JPMC, Karachi from October 2015 to May 2016.

Materials and Methods: This study was conducted on 100 married males which are divided into two major groups, Group A (control group) and Group B (case group). Group A contains 25 subjects married fertile males and Group B contains 75 married infertile males which were further subdivided into three subgroups of 25 subject each B1= Azoospermia, B2 =Oligospermia and B3=Others. Semen Analysis was done using WHO criteria and BMI was done by dividing the subjects into three groups, 18.5-24.9 kg/m2 (normal weight), 25-29.9 kg/m2 (overweight) and >or= 30 kg/m2 (obese) and by measuring the waist circumference of the subjects.

Results: The BMI examination of case and control showed a significant positive association with abnormal morphology across all the groups with the p < 0.05 and negative association of BMI with sperm count, pH, motility activity and normal morphology.

Conclusion: This study showed a strong positive significant association between BMI and Semen Parameters in male infertility as fertility is reduced in men with increased BMI which is the risk factors that influences the quality of semen.

Key Words: BMI, Obesity Semen Analysis, Male Infertility.

Citation of articles: Ahmed FK, Khan AM, Memon AS, Burney I, Bano K. Effect of BMI on Semen Parameters in Male Infertility in Tertiary Care Hospital of Karachi. Med Forum 2019;30(8):104-108.