20.Paraphenylene Diamine (Kala Pathar) Poisoning Cases at Bahawalpur – A Five Years Analysis
Ayesha Muzzammil1, Aslam Baig1, Faisal Naeem Cheema2, Ahmad Raza Khurram3,
Talha Naeem Cheema4 and Tehreem Abaid4
Objective: To analyse the Paraphenylene Diamine (Kala Pathar) poisoning cases coming at A&E Department B.V Hospital Bahawalpur with regard to demographic profile, frequency, morbidity and mortality.
Study Design: Retrospective Study
Place and Duration of Study: This study was conducted at the A&E Department B.V Hospital Bahawalpur, covering a span of five years. i.e 1st January 2017 to 31st December 2021.
Materials and Methods: Data of a total of 2995 cases was analysed from 1st January 2017 to 31st December 2021 with regard to age and gender distribution, morbidity and mortality.
Results: Out of 2996 cases, most common age group is 20-40 years n=1885, the female predominance of 72% is noted among all cases. Common complications noted are cervico-facial edema (87.89%), rhabdomyolysis (45.55%), acute renal failure (33.75%) and shock (13.67%). The mortality rate calculated as 10.45%.
Conclusion: To conclude, it is evident that the most commonly involved age group is 20-40 years with an overwhelming female predominance. Cervico-facial edema is most common complication and the mortality as a result of these complications is 10.45%.
Key Words: Paraphenylene Diamine (PPD) Poisoning, Cervico-facial edema, Rhabdomyolysis
Citation of article: Muzzammil A, Baig A, Cheema FN, Khurram AR, Cheema TN, Abaid T. Paraphenylene Diamine (Kala Pathar) Poisoning Cases at Bahawalpur – A Five Years Analysis. Med Forum 2022;