1. Demographics, Frequency and Pattern of Stroke in COVID-19 Patients: Study from a Tertiary Care Hospital
Samar Iltaf1, Jawwad-us-Salam1, Salma Salman2, Afshan Siddiqui1, Saira Abbas2 and Iftekhar Ahmed2
Objective: To determine the frequency of different pattern of stroke in Covid 19 patients in a tertiary care hospital of a metropolitan city.
Study Design: Descriptive Cross-Sectional study
Place and Duration of Study: This study was conducted at the department of Neurology and Medicine, Dow university of Health Sciences Karachi, Dow International Medical College Karachi over a period of six months from January, 2021 to December, 2021.
Materials and Methods: A total of 59 patients who were admitted with the diagnosis of stroke during the study period were included in the study. Presence of COVID-19 virus were identified by PCR were included in this study, also patient highly suspicious on clinical and radiological grounds were included.
Results: COVID test was positive in 22 subjects by nasopharyngeal PCR, 30 subjects positive on oro-pharyngeal PCR and 7 patients were COVID antibody positive. Chest x ray was normal in 4 (6.8%) and abnormal in 55 (93.2%). Majority was having COVID symptoms at presentation, dominating symptom was fever in 54.2% followed by shortness of breath 33.9% and cough 11.9%.
Conclusion: We found that stroke is not so common among patients with COVID-19 virus, but patients with stroke have high morbidity and mortality. This study helps to understand the different pattern of Stroke in COVID-19 patient so that the clinician is aware of the all possibilities.
Key Words: COVID-19 infection, ischemic stroke, hemorrhagic stroke, cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVST)
Citation of article: Iltaf S, Jawwad-us-Salam, Salman S, Siddiqui A, Abbas S, Ahmed I. Demographics, Frequency and Pattern of Stroke in COVID-19 Patients: Study from a Tertiary Care Hospital. Med Forum 2022;33(9):2-4.