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8. Screening of Hepatitis B and C Viruses in Patients before Ocular Surgical Procedures

1. Farnaz Siddiqui 2. Abdul Rasheed 3. Saba Alkhairy 4. Mazhar-ul-Hassan

1. Asstt.Prof. of Ophthalmology, 2. Prof. of Ophthalmology, 3,4. Asstt. Profs. of Ophthalmology,  DIMC, DUHS, Karachi

ABSTRACT

Objective: To screen and see the incidence of hepatitis B and C among patients before ocular surgical procedures.

Study Design: Prospective / Observational Study

Place and Duration of Study: This study was conducted at the Department of Ophthalmology, Dow University

Hospital (ojha campus) of Dow International Medical College, Karachi, Pakistan from May 2014 to December 2014.

Patients and Methods: 223 patients above the age of 18 years were screened for hepatitis B and C before going ocular surgery by immune-chromatographic method (ICT).The patients who were positive for hepatitis were further confirmed by Enzyme Linked  Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA).

Results:  Total number of patients screened was 223.  11 (4.93%) patients were positive for hepatitis B and C, out of which 2(0.9%) were hepatitis B positive and 9(4%) were hepatitis C positive. Prevalence among male patient was 6.97% while among female was 2.12%.

Conclusion: The eye patients show high incidence of hepatitis B and C. Therefore, it is mandatory for all patients who need ocular surgery to be screened by serological test for hepatitis B and C preoperatively. Key Words: Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C, Surgery  

Citation of article: Siddiqui F, Rasheed A, Alkhairy S, Hassan M. Screening of  Hepatitis B and C Viruses in Patients Before Ocular Surgical Procedures. Med Forum 2015;26(9):31-34.