8. Prevalence of Different Congenital Anomalies in KPK: An Ultrasonographic Study
Munila Shabnum Khattak, Shabnum Aamir and Zahid Shah
Objective: To study the congenital abnormalities prevailing in our society by ultrasonography in 1000 prenatal cases.
Study Design: Cross sectional study.
Place and Duration of Study: This study was conducted at the pregnant females visiting the antenatal clinic of Khyber Teaching Hospital Peshawar and Khyber clinic (Jamrud) from August 2016 to January, 2017.
Materials and Methods: 1000 cases of pregnant female visiting antenatal clinic were selected under informed consent. Detailed history was taken about the menstrual cycle and duration of pregnancy. History of any disease, drug intake and exposure to X-rays during the pregnancy was taken. With the help of Abdominal Ultrasounds, the embryo and fetus were visualized. Data were collected and entered into the computer followed by statistical analysis of data and expressed as percentages.
Results: In the study population of 1000 cases, a total number of 692 (69.2%) cases were normal. A total of 308 (30.8%) abnormal cases were detected, 230 of the abnormal cases (38.33%) were observed in first trimester, 60 cases (30%) in second and 18 cases (9%) were detected in third trimester. The CNS anomalies were detected in 19(50%) of cases, musculoskeletal in 7(18.42%), genitourinary in 4(10.42%), facial in 2(5.26%), gastrointestinal in 2(5.26%) and congenital anomalies involving multiple systems were found in 4(10.52%) of cases.
Conclusion: It is finally concluded that the congenital anomalies can be detected in prenatal period by ultrasonography and early detection of congenital anomalies is helpful in management of pregnancy. Key Words: Congenital anomalies, prenatal, ultrasound, trimester.
Citation of articles: Khattak MS, Aamir S, Shah Z. Prevalence of Different Congenital Anomalies in KPK:
An Ultrasonographic Study. Med Forum 2017;28(10):33-36.