5. Fate/Outcome of Exhumation in Pakistan
Tanveer Hussain1, Azhar Masud Bhatti2, Qazi Ijaz Ahmed3, Abid Karim4, M Mohsin Abid4 and M Hassan Abid4
Objective: To study Fate/Outcome of Exhumation in Pakistan
Study Design: Retrospective Study
Place and Duration of Study: This study was conducted at the Police Surgeon Office Lahore and Benazir Bhutto Shaheed Hospital Abbottabad and Khyber Medical College Peshawar during Jan 2015 to July 2019.
Materials and Methods: The 311 exhumation cases were included in this study. The demographic data, fate/outcome of exhumation, time since burial, condition of the dead body and viscera sent to the chemical examiner was noted down in the design performa. The permission of ethical committee was considered before start of study and gets publishing the data in the Medical Journal. The results were analyzed on SPSS version 10.
Results: In respect of age and Gender distribution in exhumation cases, the female %age was more than male in 31-40 years and in the age of 70 years and above, the female %age was less than male.
In respect of Time since Burial in Exhumation Cases, 1 to 6 months the female% less than Male and in 30
Years and above female% more than male. In respect of condition of dead bodies in exhumation cases, the dead bodies in exhumation more identifiable, and putrefied in female than male. The Condition skeletonized and bones decomposition less in female than male. In respect of causes of death on exhumation, the cases of undetermined, fire am injury and blunt injury are more than other cases. The detailed of all above shown in tables 1to 4.
Conclusion: Delayed exhumation due to lengthy legal procedures involved in carrying out this process leading to decomposition of bodies, resulting in unascertainable cause of death. Early decomposition of bodies due to multiple reasons like hot climate, water logging and salinity, improper drainage of graveyards etc. is a bar to ascertain cause of death
Key Words: Exhumation, Demographic data, fate/outcome of exhumation, time since burial, condition of the dead body and viscera
Citation of article: Hussain T, Bhatti AM, Ahmed QI, Karim A, Abid MM, Abid MH. Fate/Outcome of Exhumation in Pakistan. Med Forum 2019;30(11):15-18.