22. Obesity as a Predictor of Preeclampsia in Pregnant Women at a Tertiary Care Hospital
Hina Mukhtar, Marjan Batool and Sehrish Javed
Objective: To determine maternaloutcomes of pregnancy among women having increased body mass index.
Study Design: Descriptive / cross sectional study
Place and Duration of Study: This study was conducted at the Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Nishtar Hospital, Multan from March 2016 to March 2017.
Materials and Methods: A total of 150 women fulfilling inclusion and exclusion criteria of the study were enrolled in this research study. Informed consent for the participation was taken from each patient. All the relevant information and data were noted on pre-designed proforma. Data were entered and analyzed using SPSS-17.
Results: A total of 150 pregnant ladies were enrolled in this study. Mean ages of these study cases were 30.47 ± 4.18 years. Mean parity of these study cases was 3.31 ± 1.15. Mean. BMI values of these study cases were 30.17 ±
2.91 Kg/m2. Maximum no. of study cases were from age groups 25-35 years i.e. 115 (76.66%). Frequency of preterm births was 50 (33.33 %). Majority of our study cases i.e. 95 (63.3%) had BMI in the range of 27.5-30 Kg/m2.Very high frequencies 65 (43.3%) of pre-eclampsia were observed.
Conclusion: Our study results have indicated that obesity in pregnant women is linked to an increased risk of gestational diabetes, PPH, higher rates of c. section deliveries and pre-eclampsia. Obesity is significantly related with complications related to the mother and fetus. Well directed interventions regarding weight loss and avoidance to excessive weight gains during pregnancy prior to pre-conception period. Key Words: BMI, Pre-eclampsia, Gestational diabetes, Parity.
Citation of articles: Mukhtar H, Batool M, Javed S. Obesity as a Predictor of Preeclampsia in Pregnant Women at a Tertiary Care Hospital. Med Forum 2017;28(10):89-92.