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2. Frequency of Pregnancy Induced Hypertension in Teenage Pregnancy

Shahida Shaikh

Assoc. Prof. Gynae and Obst. Unit-II, Sheikh Zaid Women Hospital Chandka Medical College Larkana

ABSTRACT

Objective: To determine frequency of Pregnancy Induced Hypertension in teenage pregnancy.

Study Design: Descriptive Cross Sectional Study

Place and Duration of Study:  This study was conducted at Shaikh Zaid women hospital Chandka Medical College Hospital Larkana from1st June 2013 to 1st December 2013.

Materials and Methods: A total of 163 women with singleton pregnancy having gestational age from 20 weeks onwards were included in this study.  Gestational age was diagnosed on earlier dating ultrasound and from last menstrual period(LMP). Pregnancy induced hypertension was diagnosed on the basis of clinical examination which was done by measuring blood pressure via well maintained sphygmomanometer. Data was recorded on predesigned proforma including age, parity, gestational age and frequency of teenagers with high blood pressure. 

Results: Frequency of pregnancy induced hypertension in teenage pregnancy was observed in 21.47%   in our study population. The age group of patients affected mostly with pregnancy induced hypertension was 16 to 17 years of age, and their mean age was16.35±1.68 years while mean gestational age of the patients was and 27.04±3.44 weeks. Looking in to parity of patients, 64(39.26%) women were primigravida, 64(39.26%) were primipara (having already given birth to one baby) and 35(21.47%) had Parity of 2.  

Conclusion: Teenage pregnancy is associated with higher risk of pregnancy induced hypertension. Teenage mothers generally encounter more problems during pregnancy and child birth than older women. Early booking, good care during pregnancy and delivery and proper utilization of contraceptive services can prevent the complications in this group.

Key Words: Pregnancy induced hypertension, Teenage pregnancy, complications

Citation of article: Shaikh S. Frequency of Pregnancy Induced Hypertension in Teenage Pregnancy. Med

 

Forum 2015;26(1):5-8