18.Prevalence of Hydrocephalous in the Patients, Presenting with Tuberculous Meningitis, in a Medical Institute Karachi, Pakistan
Kanwal Melwani1, Sanjay Kumar2, Sunil Kumar Dodani2, Sarmad Jamal Siddiqui3, Vijia Kumar Gemnani3 and Sonia Jetwani4
Objective: To evaluate the frequency of hydrocephalus among patients presenting with tuberculosis bacterial meningitis.
Study Design: Cross sectional study
Place and Duration of Study: This study was conducted at the Medicine and Neurology Department, Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Center (JPMC), Karachi during the period of Oct. 2019 to June 2020.
Materials and Methods: According to the selection criteria, a total of 137 patients were selected through the non-probability consecutive sampling method. A brief history, as well as demographic records, was reported into the performa. SPSS software was applied for the data analysis.
Results: In the study total of 137 patients presenting with TBM were included. The mean age and duration of symptoms in our study were 48.22±7.56 years and 8±3.47 days, respectively. 82 (59.9%) were male and 55 (40.1%) were female. Out of the 137 patients, 22 (16.1%) and 115 (83.9%) had TBM and did not have hydrocephalus.
Conclusion: Tuberculosis Bacterial meningitis is a frequently reported problem in our region of the world. Hydrocephalus is a common complication with other sequelae. Hydrocephalus may completely resolve in the early stages of tuberculous meningitis.
Key Words: Tuberculous Bacterial Meningitis and Hydrocephalus
Citation of article: Melwani K, Kumar S, Dodani SK, Siddiqui SJ, Gemnani VK, Jetwani S. Prevalence of Hydrocephalous in the Patients, Presenting with Tuberculous Meningitis, in a Medical Institute Karachi, Pakistan. Med Forum 2021;32(7):77-81.