17. Biochemical Evaluation of Saliva in Pregnant Women, Mirpur AJK
Bushra Kant1, Aisha Yousaf1, Asma Hameed1 and Asnad2
Objective: The objective of this study to evaluate saliva biochemical composition of pregnant women and non- pregnant women in Mirpur, AJK.
Study Design: Cross-sectional study.
Place and Duration of Study: This study was conducted in the department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Mohd ud din Medical College, Mirpur, AJK and Biochemistry Department of Mohtarma Benazir Bhutto Shaheed Medical College Mirpur AJK from March 2018 to August 2019.
Materials and Methods: We take for study 200 pregnant women patients and 100 health non-pregnant women. We take saliva sample of groups, pregnant women and non-pregnant women and first of determine pH of saliva of both groups by pH meter. Biochemical composition is analyzed by automatic biochemistry analyzer of the both group pregnant women and non- pregnant women.
Results: The result showed that decreased level of calcium if found in pregnant women (0.37 ± 0.17) as compare to non –pregnant women (0.52 ± 0.29). It is also indicating high level of phosphate is found in pregnant women (5.74 ± 3.44) as compare to non-pregnant women (4.55 ± 1.84). We also found low level saliva glucose in pregnant women (0.56 ± 0.45) as compare to non–pregnant women (3.39 ± 4.37) during pregnancy. Low pH or acid environment of oral cavity of pregnant women (6.74 ± 0.28) found as compare to non- pregnant women (7.04 ± 0.27).
Conclusion: The oral pathology or biochemical composition alteration and acidic environment of oral cavity in pregnant women caused dental caries as compare to non-pregnant women. Pregnant women should control the acid environment of oral cavity during pregnancy.
Key Words: Saliva, Biochemical, Pregnant women
Citation of article: Kant B, Yousaf A, Hameed A, Asnad. Biochemical Evaluation of Saliva in Pregnant Women, Mirpur AJK. Med Forum 2020;31(8):72-75.