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13. Prevalence of Vitamin-D Deficiency in Women of Reproductive Age

Zubia Bugti, Samia Saifullah and Nasreen Sultana


Objective: The aim of this study is to evaluate the prevalence of vitamin D in females of reproductive age.

Study Design: Observational / cross sectional study.

Place and Duration of Study: This study was conducted at the OPD of Sandeman Provincial Hospital (SPH), Quetta, Balochistan, Pakistan, in the time period between September 2021 to April 2022.

Materials and Methods: The study was conducted on a sample of 100 women, aged between 15 to 51. To evaluate the prevalence in the different stages of the reproductive age, the sample was distributed in three different groups. Group A included patients of age 15 to 25 (n=20). Group B included patients of age 25 to 40 (n=25). Group C included patients of age 40 to 51 (n=45). These patients arrived with complaints of lower backache and had not been subjected to vitamin D supplements prior to investigations.

Results: It was found that 77% of the patients either had a deficiency or insufficiency of vitamin D, whereby patients of Group C were found to be most prone to vitamin-D deficiency and lower backache.

Conclusion: The prevalence of vitamin-D deficiency is very high in women of reproductive age group. The patients of childbearing age came to the OPD with complaints of chronic backache and/or overall body aches. These patients had not been taking any sorts of supplements for Vitamin D prior to this investigation. These patients were subjected to vitamin d serum level test and it was found that 77% of the patients had severe to moderate Vitamin-D deficiency. vitamin-d deficiency is a prevailing issue all around the world and is causing various health related issues, further lowering the quality of life, as well as proving to be a hindrance in the socio-economic development of the developing countries where the vitamin-d deficiency level has been found to be the highest.

Key Words: Vitamin-D Deficiency, Women, Reproductive Age

Citation of article: Bugti Z, Saifullah S, Sultana N. Prevalence of Vitamin-D Deficiency in Women of Reproductive Age. Med Forum 2022;33(6):55-58.