13. Prevalence of Skin Diseases in Patients Presenting at the Out Patient Department of Isra University Hospital Hyderabad: A Clinical Survey
1. Navaid Kazi 2. Uzma Dost Muhammad Rajar 3. Salman Ahmad Farsi Kazi
1. Assoc. Prof. of Physiology, 2. Assoc. Prof. of Dermatology, 3. Assoc. Prof. of Forensic Medicine, Isra University, Hyderabad, Sindh
Objective: The present study was conducted to investigate the prevalence of skin diseases in patients reporting at the Out Patient Department of Isra University Hospital Hyderabad. Study Design: Cross sectional study
Place and Duration of Study: This study was carried out at Out Patient Department of Isra University Hospital Hyderabad from April 2006 – April 2014.
Patients and Methods: A total of 2067 patients (1096 males and 971 females) were examined initially. Patients were selected through non probability purposive sampling as per inclusion and exclusion criteria. Because of limited time and workforce, only six dermatoses of main interest were recorded. Patients were examined by consultant dermatologist. Written informed consent was taken from the willing partici ants. Ethical approval was taken from the institute. Data was analyzed on SPSS 21.0 (IBM, incorporation, USA). Categorical variables were analyzed using chi square. P-value of statistical significance was taken at ≤0.05.
Results: Acne vulgaris was found in girls and boys (11 to 35 years age range) with comedones being the earliest presentation. Prevalence of acne, melasma and ephelides was noted as 18%, 9.4% and 9% respectively. The prevalence of bacterial, fungal, and viral infections, scabies and head lice was observed as 9%, 9%, 3%, 9% and 8% respectively. The prevalence of eczema was 9%, atopic dermatitis 2%, seborhoiec dermatitis 2%, lichen planus 9%, vitiligo was 2%. Corns were noted in 0.6%, Alopec a areata n 0.1%, psoriasis in 0.1% and Keloids in 0.6% of the patients.
Conclusion: Acne vulgaris was the most common sk d sease while melasma and scabies were common diseases. Less prevalence was observed for the atopic dermat t s, seborhoiec dermatitis, and lichen planus. Alopecia areata, psoriasis, vitiligo and Keloids were uncomm n.
Key Words: Acne vulgaris, Scabies, Melasma, At pic Dermatitis
Citation of article:. Kazi N, Rajar UDM, Kazi SAF, Prevalence of skin diseases in Patients Presenting at the Out Patient Department of Is a Unive sity Hospital Hyderabad: A Clinical Survey. Med Forum 2015;26(7):47-50.