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12.Frequency of Echinococcosis Granulosis in High-Risk Group, Experience in District Mardan, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa

Ziauddin1, Shah Zeb2, Arif Khan3, Sajjid Ali3, Sumbal Hussain4 and Sheema Khan2

ABSTRACT

Objective: To know the prevalence of Cystic Echinococcosis in high risk population in district Mardan.

Study Design: Prospective study

Place and Duration of Study: This study was conducted at the Department of Medicine, Mardan Medical Complex Mardan and Department of Biotechnology Abdul Wali Khan University, Mardan in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa from January 2021 to March 2021.

Materials and Methods: Mardan is the second biggest district of KP. After informed consent, blood samples were collected from high risk group and were transferred to health Biotechnology laboratory Abdul Wali Khan University. Serological identification was performed by Elisa method. Results were calculated according to the formula; Sample O.D / cut off serum O.D x 10.

Results: Total of 80 blood samples were enrolled, out of which 07(8.75%) were found positive for Cystic Echinococcosis. Maximum samples (20%) were reported from Takht Bhai region. Most effected (42.85%) age group was 31-45 years.

Conclusion: Strategies to create awareness and effective preventive and treatment programmes against this disease are needed.

Key Words: Cystic Echinococcosis, E. granulosis, ELISA, Mardan, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa

Citation of article: Ziauddin, Zeb S, Khan A, Ali S, Hussain S, Khan S. Frequency of Echinococcosis Granulosis in High-Risk Group, Experience in District Mardan, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. Med Forum 2021;32(8):51-55.