10. Frequency of Hypertension and Diabetes Millitus in Patients Presenting With Acute Ischemic Stroke
Muhammad Haroon Shahid1, Abdul Hanan Bangash1, Muhammad Khalid1, Muhammad Shabir1, Shabir Hussain1, and Rifayatullah2
Objective: To find the frequency of hypertension and diabetes mellitus in patients with acute ischemic stroke.
Study Design: Descriptive / cross sectional study.
Place and Duration of Study: This study was conducted at the Medicine, Qazi Hussain Ahmad Medical Complex, Nowshera Medical College, and Nowshera. One year from July 2018 to June 2019.
Materials and Methods: 100 patients of acute ischemic stroke were collected by convenient (non-probability) sampling technique. Patients fulfilling the inclusion criteria were further assessed through a detailed history from patients or from relatives, CT scan brain, random and fasting blood sugar, lipid profile, chest x-ray and ECG was done in all patients.
Results: Hypertension was present in 45% patients. Hypertension and diabetes mellitus was present in 24% cases, 23% patients were not having any of these diseases. Diabetes mellitus was present in only 8% cases.
Conclusion: Hypertension and diabetes collectively are the two main risk factors for ischemic stroke. The frequency of diabetes mellitus alone was very low in this study.
Key Words: Cerebrovascular-Accident, Cerebral-Infarction, Stroke-risk actors; hypertension; diabetes mellitus, Stroke-Diagnosis.
Citation of article: Shahid MH, Bangash AH, Khalid M, Shabir M, Hussain S, Rifayatullah. Frequency of Hypertension and Diabetes in Patients Presenting With Acute Ischemic Stroke. Med Forum 2019;30(11):35-39.